Information and advice for parents and carers

The safety and welfare of children – also known as safeguarding – is everyone’s business. You could be a parent, relative, neighbour, friend, childminder, or you may work for any organisation which has contact with children and young people such as teacher or doctor.

Safeguarding means helping children to grow up into confident, healthy and happy adults. It also means protecting children from physical, emotional, sexual abuse and neglect. Most children generally enjoy a happy childhood experiences within their own family. 

Early Intervention & Safeguarding

Early Intervention

In Calderdale, services to children, young people and their families are provided on a ‘Continuum of Need’ (See below).

In other words, most children will access universal services such as, School, Dentist, GP as required throughout their life and will not have any additional needs.  Children whose needs are met in this way by universal services are described as children at Level or Tier 1 of the Continuum of Need.

The diagram shows that when additional needs are identified or are unmet, additional services need to become involved and the response from the relevant agencies should be more coordinated.  Most children with additional needs will be at Level 2, those that require a coordinated response may be referred to one of the Early Intervention panels (with parental consent) in order to identify the correct services to support members of the family and to nominate a Lead Professional to complete an Early Intervention Single Assessment.  The Lead Professional may be someone the child or family is already working with, for example, Learning Mentor, Health Visitor, YOT worker, Youth Worker and the aim of the assessment is to better understand the child and young person’s needs. The family and professionals will produce a plan to help the family to deal with the difficulties they are experiencing.  This will involve having regular multi-agency meetings to make sure that the plan is working.  This is Level 3 of the Continuum of Need.

When the support of services has not been able to make a difference or if the child’s needs are very complex, Children’s Social Care may need to become involved to provide a more specialist type of support.  ‘Children in Need’ are at Level 4 of the Continuum of Need.

Statutory intervention

Concerns about the abuse, exploitation or neglect of a child or young person, need to be referred to MAST (Children’s Social Care) so they can make enquiries to find out what is happening to the child and whether protective action is needed.  Children who are involved with Children’s Social Care for these reasons, are said to be at Level 5 of the Continuum of Need.

Continuum of Need

continuum of need

More information for parents and carers:

Keeping Children Safe Online

UK Safer Internet Centre has produced Report Harmful Content. Each report button will guide you through the reporting process and offer appropriate advice. They aim to respond to your enquiry within 72 hours. If they can’t help resolve the matter, wherever possible they will explain why it is not possible to seek mediation (for example if the matter doesn’t breach a site’s terms) and will put you in touch with people who can provide wraparound support.

For more information about Keeping children safe online visit NSPCC

The referral process

This summarises the procedures that will be followed if Children’s Social Care receive a referral that a child may suffer or has suffered abuse.

Child Exploitation

Gain a better understanding of what child sexual exploitation is, learn how to spot the signs and who to report incidents too.

What is abuse

Child abuse is any form of physical, emotional or sexual mistreatment or lack of care that leads to injury or harm.

Private fostering

Private fostering is very different from the care of children provided by local councils through approved foster carers. Find out what the difference is…


Get advice on issues regarding bullying

Missing children

What to do when a child goes missing